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July 19


1848 – Women's rights: a two-day Women's Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York.

1903 – Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.

1997 – The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army resumes a ceasefire to end their 25-year campaign to end British rule in Northern Ireland.


1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon, founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)

1947 – Brian May, English singer-songwriter, musician, producer, and author (Queen and Smile)

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1974 – Malcolm O'Kelly, Irish rugby player


514 – Pope Symmachus

1692 – Sarah Good, American woman accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials (b. 1653)

1965 – Syngman Rhee, South Korean politician, 1st President of South Korea (b. 1875)

2009 – Frank McCourt, Irish-American writer (b. 1930)

2012 – Sylvia Woods, American businesswoman, co-founded Sylvia's Restaurant of Harlem (b. 1926)